U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Job Patterns For Minorities And Women In Private Industry (EEO-1)

Introductory Note

As part of its mandate under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission requires periodic reports from public and private employers, and unions and labor organizations which indicate the composition of their work forces by sex and by race/ethnic category. Key among these reports is the EEO-1, which is collected annually from Private employers with 100 or more employees or federal contractors with 50 more employees.Approximately 68,000 employers, representing 54 million employees, filed EEO-1 reports in 2016.

The confidentiality provision which governs release of these data (Section 709 (e) of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972) prohibits release of individually identifiable information. However, data in aggregated format for major geographic areas and by industry group for private employers (EEO-1) are available. The following tables are national aggregations by those industries with the greatest employment.

SIC Industry definitions and codes used in the tables from 1998 through 2002 are based upon those given in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual. NAICS Industry definitions and codes used in the 2003 through 2006 tables are based upon those given in the 1997 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Manual. For 2007 tables and indicators, NAICS 2002 definition is used. Starting with year 2006, Metropolitan Statistical Areas are based on the CBSA (Core Based Statistical Area) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget of December 2005.

Due to the unique racial and ethnic composition of the population of Hawaii, employment data for establishments in that state have been excluded from all aggregates of EEO-1 data prior to 2007. From 2007, the State of Hawaii is included in all the aggregates.

*Note: Starting with the 2016 data release, certain industry aggregations are no longer published due to disclosure limitation rules. The publishing of respondent participation rates in EEO-1 is also discontinued.