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EEOC Efforts for Veterans with Disabilities

This guidance document was issued upon approval of the Chair of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

OLC Control # EEOC-NVTA-2016-1
Title EEOC Efforts for Veterans with Disabilities
Date Issued 2-Nov-16
General Topics ADA/GINA
Summary This document provides information on the ADA for veterans with disabilities, and the EEOC's efforts on their behalf.
Date Posted 02-Nov-16
Statutes/Authorities Involved ADA, Rehabilitation Act, 29 CFR Part 1630
Audience Employees, Employers, Applicants, HR Practitioners
Revision No

The contents of this document do not have the force and effect of law and are not meant to bind the public in any way. This document is intended only to provide clarity to the public regarding existing requirements under the law or agency policies.

Caring for our veterans returning from service is not only an expression of gratitude but a moral obligation. This includes a responsibility to ensure that veterans have opportunities to participate in the workforce and realize their dreams. And it clears the way for every one of us to contribute to our nation's economic engine and social fabric. We all benefit when people who want to work are able to participate in the economy.

Our veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan since 2001 - often after lengthy deployments -- have suffered from higher unemployment than other veterans and civilians. These veterans also may face discrimination because of mental or physical disabilities. In some cases, veterans face employment policies and practices that rely on myths and stereotypes about individuals with disabilities - such as concerns about employing workers with PTSD - that can prevent veterans from earning a living. In other cases, veterans with disabilities may be unaware of the workplace right to request a reasonable accommodation to allow them to perform jobs for which they are qualified. In any case, unemployment, job loss, or career limitations can lead to financial difficulties that negatively impact the veterans themselves, their families and our society.

Unfortunately, disability discrimination continues to occur far too often. Charges filed with the EEOC alleging disability discrimination have remained persistently high - almost a third of all charges filed with EEOC include an allegation of disability discrimination. In fiscal year 2016 disability discrimination claims comprised approximately 40 percent of EEOC's discrimination lawsuits.

We have strong laws, like the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), to knock down barriers to opportunity facing veterans, but we need targeted outreach to ensure veterans know their rights under the ADA and how to seek enforcement. We also need effective outreach resources to help employers understand how the ADA applies to veterans with disabilities. That's why EEOC is expanding employment opportunities for those who served our country by vigorously enforcing the law and increasing outreach to employers and veterans communities, thereby reducing barriers that prevent veterans from fulfilling their potential. Through private sector enforcement and litigation, policy and outreach work, and efforts in the federal sector, EEOC employees provide important services for veterans with disabilities to ensure that their rights to equal employment opportunity are upheld.

These resource documents - one for veterans and one for employers - help explain rights and responsibilities for veterans with disabilities in the workplace:

The EEOC also has a responsibility to ensure that the federal government is a "model employer" for individuals with disabilities, which includes veterans with disabilities. The following resources about the hiring of individuals with disabilities into the federal government may help veterans with disabilities seeking federal jobs: 

Additionally, EEOC has designated staff in offices across the country to assist veterans who may be facing discrimination because of a disability.  To reach the appropriate EEOC staff for your region for assistance or information, including to schedule training or outreach for your organization or event, please enter your zip code below:


For those who wish to file an employment discrimination complaint, EEOC's website has information, including time frames, about filing charges against private business or state and local government or a federal agency.